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Moin! My name is George Vascik and I welcome you to On this site I hope to share my work on both rural politics and Antisemitism in Ostfriesland, Oldenburg and the land between the Weser and the Elbe (the Dreieck). Please feel free to suggest emendations to this site or recommendations for further work.


In the course of my research, I have benefitted enormously from the assistance of archivists and librarians throughout the region. (Here I am pictured working with Frau Dr. Archivrat Kudick in the Kreisarchiv Rothenburg-Wümme in Bremervörde.)

You might find my previous book with Bloomsbury Press of interest: The Stab-in-the-Back Myth and the Fall of the Weimar Republic. A History in Documents and Visual Surces.

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“The destructive power of myth is on display in this masterful book. Vascik and Sadler assemble all the useful documents surrounding the Stab-in-the-Back myth. Providing just enough guidance, they allow readers to fashion their own understanding of how self-serving lies can undermine a democracy and alter the history of a nation.” –  Richard S. Levy, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA


“Expertly assembled and contextualised, this book is a superb contribution to the historiography on the myth of 'the stab in the back'.” –  Michael Berkowitz, University College London, UK

“Vascik and Sadler have assembled an impressive array of sources, buttressed by additional material on an accompanying website.” –  European History Quarterly

"This unique sourcebook explores the Stab-in-the-Back myth that developed in Germany in the wake of World War One, analyzing its role in the end of the Weimar Republic and its impact on the Nazi regime that followed.

A critical development in modern German and even European history that has received relatively little coverage until now, the Stab-in-the-Back Myth was an attempt by the German military, nationalists and anti-Semites to explain how the German war effort collapsed in November 1918 along with the German Empire. It purported that the German army did not lose the First World War but were betrayed by the civilians on the home front and the democratic politicians who had surrendered. The myth was one of the foundation myths of National Socialism, at times influencing Nazi behaviour in the 1930s and later their conduct in the Second World War.

The Stab-in-the-Back Myth and the Fall of the Weimar Republic draws on German government records, foreign and domestic newspaper accounts, diplomatic reports, diary entries and letters to provide different national and political perspectives on the issue. The sourcebook also includes chapter summaries, study questions, and further reading lists, in addition to numerous visual sources and a range of maps, charts, tables and graphs. This is a vital text for all students looking at the history of the Weimar Republic, the legacy of the First World War and Germany in the 20th century."

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